Polish Music Journal
Vol. 2, Nos. 1-2. 1999. ISSN 1521 - 6039


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Religious Folklore in Chopin's Music

List of Musical Examples

Jan Węcowski


Example 1:
Comparison between fragments from Chopin's Marche funebre and two religious songs:

  • Example 1a:Salve Regina, Choral antiphon from 11th century.
  • Example 1b: Salve Regina, Zawitaj Królowa from Mioduszewski's songbook of 1938, p. 198-199.
  • Example 1c: Fragments of these songs found in Chopin's Marche as reproduced in mm. 27-34, 35-42, 51-58 of the trio (upper two staves), in m. 4, 8 (centre left), in m. 8, 66, also 16, 24, 74, and 47-49 ( centre right), and in mm. 12, 20, 70, and 43-46 (bottom system). Chopin quotes from 18th vol. of Fryderyk Chopin: Dzieła wszystkie, p. 38-40.

Example 2:
Comparison between fragments of Chopin's Nocturne in E flat major op. 9 no. 2, and Polish religious songs.

  • Example 2a: "Ciebie na wieki wychwalać będziemy" [We will praise you for centuries], song from 18th century, in Mioduszewski, 1842, p. 757.
  • Example 2b: Comparable fragments from mm. 1-3, 6-7, 14-15, as well as 9-10, 17-18, etc. from Chopin's Nocturne.
  • Example 2c: "Bądź pozdrowiona Panienko Maryja" [Hail to you, Virgin Mary], religious songs from 18th century; text from a 19th-century Songbook no. 433, p. 411, melody from "Modlitwa Wojska Polskiego" Poznań, 1828, and from S. Moniuszko (arr.), in Tygodnik Ilustrowany 1861, no. 84; reproduced in Mioduszewski, 1854, second melody.
  • Example 2d: Echoes in Chopin's Nocturne, mm. 11-12, 19-20; f
  • Example 2e: Religious song "Bogurodzica" [Mother of God] from the 13th century, according to Jan Siedlecki, Church Songbook 1947, p. 167. Below: its quotations in Chopin's Nocturne - mm. 25-26, 29; according toChopin - Dzieła Wszystkie , vol. 7, p. 21-23.


Example 3:
Christmas carol Lulajże Jezuniu in Chopin's Scherzo in B minor, op. 20.

  • Example 3a: Carol Lulajże Jezuniu [Hush, hush, little Jesus], from 17th c. according to the second melody in Jan Siedlecki's Songbook, p. 493,-4; mm. 1-4, 9-16.
  • Example 3b:Chopin's Scherzo in B minor, Molto piu lento, mm. 305-308, 313-316, 337-340, 345-348, 369-372, 377-380; and mm. 321-326, 353-358 (the latter two sets without embellishments). according to vol. 5 of Chopin's Complete Works, p. 23-25.


Example 4:
Chopin's Bolero in A minor (composed before 1834) and Polish religious songs.

  • Example 4a: Melody used both in "Bądź pozdrowiona, Panienko Maryja" [Hail to you, Virgin Mary] and in "Boże coś Polskę" [God save Poland] and Chopin's Bolero, mm. 180-182.
  • Example 4b: "Dobry Jezu" [Good Jesus], song from 12-16th century, according to Mioduszewski, 1838, p. 287-288; and Chopin's Bolero, mm. 180-183.
  • Example 4c: "Ach, mój Jezu" [Ah, my Jesus], song from 18-19th century, according to Mioduszewski, 1838, p. 116; and Chopin's Bolero, mm. 196-200.


Example 5:
Religious song in Chopin's Cantabile.

  • Fragment of religious songs "Bądź pozdrowiona" (18th century) and "Boże coś Polskę" (19th century) in Chopin's Cantabile in B flat major, op. 43, mm. 4-5, see also m. 8-9, 10-11, 12-14. according to Chopin's Collected Works, vol. 18, p. 57.


Example 6:
Religious song in Chopin's Etude in A minor, Op. 25, No. 11.

  • "Matko Najświętsza" [Holiest Mother], song from 18-19th century, according to J. Siedlecki's Songbook, p. 196 (upper part); Similar phrases in Chopin's Etude in A minor op. 25 no. 4, mm. 2-3, 7-8, 15-16; (first system in lower part), mm. 10-13, 48-51, also in mm. 40-44 reproduced in second system, mm. 15-16, cf. 17-18, third system; mm. 29-32 in bottom system. Chopin excerpt quoted from vol. 2 of Collected Works, p. 84-88.


Example 7:
18th-c. Christmas carol, "Jezus malusieńki" [Tiny Jesus] quoted in Chopin's Etude in C sharp minor, Op. 25, no. 7.

  • The carol in the top system; Chopin's Etude in the lower part, with mm. 2-8, 46-52 reproduced above, mm. 62-65 below (the closing phrase, in the second system is transformed a fourth down). The etude from Chopin's Complete Works, vol. 2, p. 101-104.

Example 8:
Polish folk songs in Chopin's Etude in A minor, Op. 25, No. 11.

  • Example 8a: The song "Na stopniach Twego upadamy Tronu" [We fall onto the steps of your throne], text by Alojzy Feliński, music by Karol Kurpiński, 1822. Mm. 1-6, 13-16, according to Mioduszewski, 1838, p. 325.
  • Example 8b: Chopin's Etude in A minor, mm. 1-4 in the upper system, mm. 41-44 in the middle system, and mm. 56-58 in the lower system; according to Chopin's Complete Works, vol. 2, mm. 118-125.
  • Example 8c: Folk song "Miała młynarka..." [The miller had three daughters...], according to Helena Windakiewicz.

Example 9:
Religious songs in Chopin's Largo in E-flat major, WN 61 (1838?).

  • Example 9a: Hymn "Boże coś Polskę" [God Save Poland], text by Alojzy Feliński and Antoni Górecki, music by Jan N. Kaszewski; according to J. Gorączkiewicz, 1816.
  • Example 9b: "Hymn do Boga o zachowanie wolności" [Hymn to God, for the preservation of freedom], also known as "Modlitwa Wojska Polskiego" [Prayer of the Polish Army], Poznań, 1828.
  • Example 9c: Theme from Chopin's Largo in E-flat major, according to Chopin's Complete Works, vol. 18, p. 50.

Example 10:
Religious songs in Chopin's Melodia, Op. 74.

  • Example 10a: Lenten song "Żal duszę ściska" [Sorrow oppresses the soul] from Mioduszewski (1838, p. 60) and mm. 5-9 in Chopin's Melodia, "Z gór, gdzie dźwigali...".
  • Example 10b: Marian song "Matko Najświętsza" [The holiest Mother], 18-19th c., and mm. 25-34 in Chopin's Melodia.
  • Example 10c: 19th-c. song "Nie opuszczaj nas" [Do not leave us] and mm. 36, 38, 41-45 in Chopin's Melodia according to Chopin's Complete Works, vol. 17, p. 38-39.


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Editor: Maria Anna Harley. Publisher: Polish Music Reference Center
Design: Maria Anna Harley & Marcin Depinski. Summer 1999.
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