Polish Music Journal
Vol. 2, Nos. 1-2. 1999. ISSN 1521 - 6039


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Chopin's Integrative Technique

And its Repercussions for 20th-Century Polish Music

List of Music Examples

Andrzej Tuchowski


  • Example 1: Analytical diagram for Chopin's Nocturne, Op. 27, No. 1. Captions in the upper system: "Part A" [top left], "the axis of symmetry" [below], "extreme point of the contour of motion" [top right], "the measure of the progression" [downward arrow]. Captions in the lower system: "part B, m. 29" [top left], "fundamental tones of the main keys" [bottom right]. Captions in the third system: "the basic structural cell permeating the background level (the tonal plan of the piece" [top right], "the beginning of intervallic structures" [bottom right].

  • Example 2: Analytical diagram for Chopin's Nocturne, Op. 27, No. 2. Captions in the first system: numbers 3-2-1 [left top], "Chopin passage" [under first 4 pitches, left bottom], "lower oscillations of the contour of motion emphasized by rhythm" [center-rigth bottom], "hidden chromatic line" [right bottom]. Second system: "m. 10," numbers 3=5, 2=4, 1=3 [left top]. Third system: "m. 14." Fourth system: "m. 18" [left top], "pitches designating highest nodal points of the contour of motion."

  • Example 3: Analytical diagram for Chopin's Sonata in B-flat minor (introduction). Captions in the first system. Top: m. 9, 11-12, 15, 16. Middle: " transformation X", bottom "3m" i.e. "minor third". Captions in the second system. Top: "m. 17, m. 18-20, m. 21," "anticipation of the theme," m. 25. Middle: "3m" [minor third], "inter-version X;" Bottom: "3m" [minor third].

  • Example 4: Sonata in B-flat minor, cont. Captions: "3m" [minor third].

  • Example 5: Sonata in B-flat minor, cont. Captions: m. 40, m. 56, "recalling theme I."

  • Example 6: onata in B-flat minor, cont. Captions: "m. 81-84," "inter-version" [top], "x" [between systems], "3m" twice [bottom].

  • Example 7: Sonata in B-flat minor, cont. Captions: "3m" [minor third].

  • Example 8: Scherzo from Sonata in B-flat minor, cont. Captions: "m. 15-16" [top], "2m" [minor second], "3m" [minor third] and "transformation x" [bottom].

  • Example 9: Sonata in B-flat minor, cont. Piu lento from the Scherzo.

  • Example 10: Sonata in B-flat minor, cont. Captions: "to G-flat2, m. 5" [top], "x" and "transformations of the cell X, till m. 8" [bottom]. "M. 8" in lower system.

  • Example 11: Sonata in B-flat minor, cont. Captions: "Series of minor thirds" and "m. 9", "m. 11."

  • Example 12: Mm. 1-6 from the introduction to No. 1 of Songs of Infatuated Muezzin (revised version) by Karol Szymanowski. Kraków: PWM, 1981. Copyright 1922 by Universal Edition A.G., Wien. Copyright of the revised version 1981 by Universal Edition A.G., Wien. All Rights Reserved. Used by permission of European American Music Distributors LLC, sole U.S. and Canadian agent for Universal Edition A.G., Vienna.

  • Example 13: Analytical diagram for the introduction to Lutosławski's Fourth Symphony.

  • Example 14: Reduction to deeper structural layers; Lutosławski's Fourth Symphony. Captions: "reduction (deep layer)" [between the systems of the left], "reduction" and "4+1 - the second pattern of motion" [between the systems on the right].


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    Editor: Maria Anna Harley. Publisher: Polish Music Reference Center
    Design: Maria Anna Harley & Marcin Depinski. Summer 1999.
    Comments and inquiries by e-mail: polmusic@email.usc.edu